Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Sweden , country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe. The name Sweden was derived from the Svear, or Suiones, a people mentioned as early as 98 ce by the Roman author Tacitus.
Stockholm has been the permanent capital since Dalsland , landskap province , southwestern Sweden, on the Norwegian border, one of the smaller traditional provinces in the country.
Dalsland is included in…. Settlement patterns In Sweden: The 12th, 13th, and 14th centuries. Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback.
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It was a major training and storage facility for the Gotland garrison during its existence, and was still occasionally used for training by various elements of the Armed Forces since the garrison was shut down in However, from the second half of onwards, there has been a marked increase in the use of the range, especially by armored units mostly company sized ,  as tensions in Northeastern Europe have escalated.
At least one of the buildings on the range, the former tank repair shop , is currently owned by a private company Peab , with the military renting back the top floor for its own use.
The first modern day tourists came to Gotland during the 19th century and were known as "bathers". When a new law ensuring two weeks vacation for all employees in Sweden was passed in , camping became a popular pastime among the Swedes, and in , Gotland was visited by 80, people.
Since the island has become a more versatile vacation spot visited by people from all over the world, in all manner of ways.
In it was the fifth largest tourist destination in Sweden based on the total number of guest nights. In , for the first time, ferries between Gotland and mainland Sweden carried more than 1 million passengers in a year.
In , the number of passengers exceeded 1. The main port of call on Gotland is Visby. The city is visited by a number of cruise ships every year.
The pier is scheduled to be finished in A number of stones with grooves exist on Gotland. Archaeologists interpret these grooves as traces of an unknown industrial process in the High Middle Ages.
There are approximately 3, grinding grooves, of which about occur in the solid limestone outcrop and the rest in other rock formations.
The latter often consist of hard rocks such as granite or gneiss, but also soft rocks such as sandstone occur. An impressive feature of Visby is the fortress wall that surrounds the old city, dating from the 13th century.
The inhabitants of Gotland traditionally spoke their own language, known as Old Gutnish. Today however, that language has become a Swedish dialect known as Gutnish.
In the 13th century, a work containing the laws of the island, called "the Gotlandic law" Gutalagen , was published in Old Gutnish, as well as the Gutasaga.
Gotland is noted for its 94 Medieval churches ,  most of which are restored and in active use. These churches exhibit two major styles of architecture: The older churches were constructed in the Romanesque style from — The newer churches were constructed in the Gothic architectural style that prevailed from about — The oldest painting inside one of the churches on Gotland stretches as far back in time as the 12th century.
The games have widespread renown; some of them are played by people as far away as in the United States. Gotland gives its name to the traditional farmhouse ale Gotlandsdricka , a turbid beer with much in common with Finnish sahti , and related beers from the Baltic states.
There are a number of notable people born or living on Gotland, or in other major ways associated with the island. In , there were registered sports organizations on Gotland.
The leading football club is FC Gute , playing in the fourth-tier league Division 2 as of [update]. The Long Ships , or Red Orm original title: Bengtsson , contains a vivid description of Gotland in the Viking Age.
A section of the book is devoted to a Viking ship setting out to Russia, stopping on its way at Gotland and engaging a pilot from the island who plays an important part in their voyage.
Gotlanders of the Viking era are depicted as city people, more sophisticated and cosmopolitan than other Scandinavians of their time, and proud of their knowledge and skills.
Naomi Mitchison , in her autobiographic book " You may well ask ", relates an experience during a walking tour in Sweden: Most of them have been named by Swedish astronomer Claes-Ingvar Lagerkvist , a summer resident on Gotland.
About of the books are in English. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Gotland disambiguation and Gothland disambiguation. List of people of Gotland.
List of Gotland-related asteroids. Retrieved 13 June Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April Retrieved 7 April Retrieved 31 May Distinguishing bone fat exploitation from other taphonomic processes: In Mulville, J and Outram, A eds.
The Zooarchaeology of Milk and Fats. Pontus Skoglund on prehistoric Gotlanders: Retrieved 11 August Numismatiska forskningsgruppen, Stockholms universitet.
Archived from the original on 14 December The runes of Sweden. Retrieved 11 June Archived from the original on 6 June Retrieved 5 June Retrieved 17 June Retrieved 12 June Retrieved 13 March Archived from the original on 6 March Retrieved 23 March Retrieved 1 June Archived from the original on 23 September Retrieved 1 September Retrieved 3 March Silurian Chitinozoa from Gotland.
Laufield, and Arthur J. Boucot , "Silurian trilete spores and spore tetrads from Gotland: Guidebook to the field excursions in the Silurian of Gotland".
Project Ecostratigraphy Plenary Meeting. Archived from the original on 26 October Retrieved 9 February Retrieved 14 September